Euthanasia: An act, such as a lethal injection, smothering, etc., or an omission, such as withholding or withdrawal of medical treatment and/or care—including food and water, with the intention to end the life of a person so that all suffering and other difficulties may be eliminated. When requested by a person, euthanasia is a form of suicide.
Assisted Suicide: Self-killing with the assistance of another. The means and/or instructions to kill oneself are provided by another person or by an organization that promotes assisted suicide.
Physician Assisted Suicide: A physician provides a patient with the means (for example, a lethal dose of barbiturates) and/or information needed to commit suicide. The last act, e.g., ingesting the drug, is done by the patient.
VSED (voluntary stopping of eating and drinking): A person refuses to eat or drink in order to cause or hasten their death. This is suicide. Furthermore, if a physician prescribes drugs to keep the person highly sedated while he/she starves and dehydrates to death, this is a form of assisted suicide.
Stealth Euthanasia: The intentional hastening of a patient’s death while pretending to provide appropriate treatment and care. Actions and omissions intended to cause death are hidden from those who may object, such as concerned family members.
Imposed Death: The more accurate term for ending the lives of human beings in order to eliminate their perceived suffering or to relieve others of the duty/cost of caring for them.
Conscientious Objection: When exercised by healthcare practitioners, this is a refusal to provide a legal "medical service," such as euthanasia or assisted suicide, that conflicts with their deeply held moral convictions.